Negprime

Negative Priming

Background Information

In selective attentions tasks, subjects must focus on a stimulus (target) while ignoring distractors. One of the prominent paradigms is the flanker task by Ericson, in which flanker items are shown next to the target to distract the subject. It has been shown, that response latencies to symbols which had to be ignored in a previsous trial, are increased compared to baseline conditions. This effect is called the negative priming effect. The effect is explained by an unvoluntary inhibition effect which is caused by ignoring the same item in the previous trial. This task is staging the negative priming effect by combining local and global digits in on display, and asking subjects to ignore on or the other dimension. For example, subjects must respond to a global digit 2 which is composed out of small ‘3’-symbols. In this case, the ‘3’ s the to be ignored item. If, in the next trial the ‘3’ is the global digit, response times are expected to be slowed down in average due to the negative priming effect

References

Dalrymple-Alford, E.C., & Budayr, B. (1966). Examination of some aspects of the Stroop color-word test. Perceptual & Motor Skills, 23, 1211-1214.

Navon, D. (1977). Forest before trees: The precedence of global features in visual perception. Cognitive Psychology, 9, 353–383.

Tipper, S.P. (1992)/ The negative priming effect: Inhibitory priming by ignored objects. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 37A, 571-590.

Links

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Negative_priming